The cartoonists featured in the collection at Radley College

The collection of books of cartoons and caricatures was donated to Radley College Library by Simon Walker-Heneage in 2010-11. It contains works by the following cartoonists:

Addams, Charles Samuel “Chas” (1912 – 1988) was an American cartoonist known for his darkly humorous and macabre characters. Some of the recurring characters, who became known as the Addams Family, became the basis for the television series.

Anton – Antonia Yeoman and H. Underwood Thompson (1907 – 1970 / 1911 – 1996). In 1937 Harold Thompson formed a partnership with his elder sister Beryl, a commercial artist who had studied at the Royal Academy Schools. Beryl had taken the name “Antonia” on her conversion to Catholicism some years before, and together they produced cartoons for Punch over the signature “Anton” – although the weekly “Anton” cartoons in the Evening Standard in 1939 were entirely Thompson’s work. After the war they teamed up again, and together produced numerous “Anton” cartoons for Punch, Lilliput, London Opinion, Men Only and others. However, Thompson quickly became committed to other work, and in 1949 Antonia took over the cartoons entirely.

Arno, Peter  (1904 – 1968) was a U.S. cartoonist. His cartoons were published in The New Yorker from 1925–1968.

Bairnsfather, Captain (Charles) Bruce  (1887 – 1959) was a prominent British humorist and cartoonist. His best-known cartoon character is Old Bill. Bill and his pals Bert and Alf featured in Bairnsfather’s weekly “Fragments from France” cartoons published weekly in “The Bystander” magazine during the First World War.

Bateman, Henry Mayo(1887 – 1970) was a British humorous artist and cartoonist. He was noted for his “The Man Who…” series of cartoons, featuring comically exaggerated reactions to minor and usually upper-class social gaffes.

Baumer, Lewis Christopher Edward (1870 – 1963) was an English caricaturist who worked for more than fifty years for the British magazine Punch. Bauer was born at St John’s Wood, London, England, and had studied at the St John’s Wood Art School under A. A. Calderon, at the Royal Academy of Arts, and at the Royal College of Art. His first drawings appeared in the Pall Mall magazine in 1893 and in 1897 his first cartoon appeared in Punch.

Belcher, George Frederick Arthur (1875 – 1947)was an English cartoonist, etcher and painter of genre, sporting subjects and still life. He drew for Punch itself regularly from 1911 and also for The Tatler and Vanity Fair.

Bell, Steven (1951 – ) is an English political cartoonist, whose work appears in The Guardian and other publications. He is known for his left-wing views and caricatures.

Belsky, Margaret  (1919 – 1989) was an English cartoonist who worked mainly for the Daily Herald. When Rupert Murdoch took over the Herals and renamed it the Sun she refused to work for him and drew cartoons for the New Statesman and the Sunday People, and also worked for Punch, Guardian, Sunday Graphic, John Bull, and the Financial Weekly.

Bentley , Nicolas Clerihew (1907 – 1978) was a British author and illustrator, best known for his humorous cartoon drawings in books and magazines in the 1930s and 1940s. (The son of Edmund Clerihew Bentley (inventor of the clerihew verse form), he was given the name Nicholas but opted to change the spelling.)

Behrendt,  Alfred Fritz (1925 – 2008 ) was a Dutch cartoonist of German – Jewish descent.

Blake, Quentin (Sir) Saxby (1932 – ) is a famous English cartoonist, illustrator and children’s author. He is best known for his illustration of books written by Roald Dahl.

Blampied, Edmund (1886 –  1966) was one of the most eminent artists to come from the Channel Islands. He was noted mostly for his etchings and drypoints published at the height of the print boom in the 1920s, but was also a lithographer, caricaturist and cartoonist.

Bond, Simon (1947 – 2011) started his career as a stand-up comedian but was probably better known as an American  cartoonist and illustrator, notably creating the international bestseller, 101 Uses of a Dead Cat.

Bretécher, Claire (1940 – ) is a French cartoonist, known particularly for her portrayals of women and gender issues. Her creations include the Frustrés, and the unimpressed teenager Agrippine.

Briggs, Raymond Redvers (1934 – ) is an English illustrator, cartoonist, graphic novelist and author who has achieved critical and popular success among adults and children. He is best known in Britain for his story The Snowman.

Brockbank, Russell (1913 – 1979) was a cartoonist born in Niagara Falls, Ontario. He moved to England in 1929. Brockbank was best known for his motoring, motor racing and aviation cartoons. His work was published in numerous magazines and journals, including Lilliput, Motor and Punch. During World War II his cartoon technique was used to more serious effect to help with the subject of aircraft recognition being published in the British training journal Aircraft Recognition. His association with Punch lasted over 30 years, and he was Art Editor from 1949 to 1960. Brockbank’s cartoons were characterised by a high degree of draughtsmanship and he often went to great lengths to ensure that the cars and aircraft in his cartoons were as true-to-life as possible.

Brookes, Peter D (1943 – ) is an English cartoonist who has produced work for numerous publications, including Radio Times, New Society, New Statesman, The Spectator and most notably The Times, for which he is the leader-page cartoonist. He has won the title of Cartoonist of the Year several times.

Bunbury, Henry William (1750 – 1811) was an English caricaturist.

Busch, Wilhelm (1832 – 1908) was an influential German caricaturist, painter, and poet who is famed for his satirical picture stories with rhymed texts.

Callot, Jacques  (1592–1635) was a baroque printmaker and draftsman from the Duchy of Lorraine. He is an important figure in the development of the old master print which featured soldiers, clowns, drunkards, gypsies, beggars, as well as court life.

Calman, Melville (Mel) (1931 – 1994) was a British cartoonist best known for his “little man” cartoons published in British newspapers including the Daily Express, The Sunday Telegraph, The Observer, The Sunday Times and The Times.

Caran d’Ache aka Poiré, Emmanuel (1858 – 1909) was a 19th century French satirist and political cartoonist. “Caran d’Ache” comes from the Russian word карандаш, meaning pencil. While his first work glorified the Napoleonic  era, he went on to create “stories without words” and as a contributor to newspapers such as the Lundi du Figaro, he is sometimes hailed as one of the precursors of comic strips.

Cruikshank, George (1792 – 1878) was a British caricaturist and book illustrator, praised as the “modern Hogarth” during his life. His book illustrations for his friend Charles Dickens reached an international audience. He gained notoriety with his political prints that attacked the royal family and leading politicians. His work included a personification of England named John Bull who was developed from about 1790. For a generation he delineated Tories, Whigs and Radicals impartially. Satirical material came to him from every public event.

Cruikshank, Isaac (1756–1811), Scottish painter and caricaturist, was born in Edinburgh

Crum, Paul aka Roger Pettiward (1906 – 1942) was an English artist. He contributed cartoons regularly to Punch, London Week and Night and Day before his untimely death in the Dieppe Raid of 1942.

Crumb , Robert Dennis (1943 – ), known as Robert Crumb and R. Crumb, is an American artist, illustrator, and musician recognized for the distinctive style of his drawings and his critical, satirical, subversive view of the American mainstream.

Cummings, Arthur Stuart Michael (1919 – 1997) was a British newspaper cartoonist. He was known as Michael Cummings and signed his work simply Cummings. Common targets of Cumming’s pen were the Labour Party, left-leaning town councils, trade unions, student activists, the Soviet Union and immigration.

Darrow , Whitney  (1909 – 1999) was a prominent American cartoonist, who worked most of his career for The New Yorker, with some 1,500 of his cartoons printed in his nearly 50-year-long career with the magazine.

Daumier, Honoré  (1808 – 1879) was a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century.

Daumier, Honoré  (1808 – 1879) was a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century.

Dighton, Robert (1752 – 1814) was an English portrait painter, print maker and caricaturist.

Disney,  Walter Elias “Walt” (1901 –  1966) was an American film producer, director, screenwriter, voice actor, animator, entrepreneur, entertainer  and philanthropist, well known for his influence in the field of entertainment during the 20th century.

Doyle, John (1797 – 1868), known by the pen name H. B., was a political cartoonist, caricaturist, painter and lithographer. He is considered a founder of the school of British cartoon satirists.

Doyle, Richard “Dickie” (1824 – 1883) was a notable illustrator of the Victorian era. His work frequently appeared, amongst other places, in Punch magazine; he drew the cover of the first issue, and designed the magazine’s masthead, a design that was used for over a century.

Dubout, Albert  (1905 – 1976) was a French cartoonist, illustrator, painter, and sculptor.

Duclaud, José Miguel Covarrubias  (1904 – 1957) was a Mexican painter and caricaturist, ethnologist and art historian. In 1924 he moved to New York City. Soon Covarrubias was drawing for several top magazines, eventually becoming one of Vanity Fair magazine’s premier caricaturists.


Dyson, William (Will) Henry (1880 – 1938) was an Australian illustrator and political cartoonist.

Emett, Frederick Rowland  (1906 – 1990) was an English cartoonist and constructor of whimsical kinetic sculpture.

Emmwood, John Musgrave-Wood (1915 – 1999) was a political cartoonist and caricaturist. He began his career drawing the passengers on a cruise liner where he worked as a steward.  Emmwood drew TV illustrations for Punch, theatre caricatures for Tatler & Bystander. In 1957 he became political cartoonist at the Daily Mail.

Evans, Powys (see Quiz)

Feiffer, Jules Ralph (1929 -) is an American syndicated cartoonist, most notable for his long-run comic strip titled Feiffer.  In 1986, he won the Pulitzer Prize for his editorial cartooning in The Village Voice.

ffolkes, Michael  born Brian Davis (1925–1988), was a British illustrator and cartoonist most famous for his work on the Peter Simple column in The Daily Telegraph. He also worked for Punch and Playboy.

Fish, Harriet,  Annie (1890–1964), was an English cartoonist and illustrator who worked for the Tatler under the name Fish.

Forain, Jean-Louis  (1852 – 1931) was a French Impressionist painter, lithographer, watercolorist and etcher.  He preferred to depict scenes of everyday life focusing on Parisian popular entertainments and themes of modernity—the racetrack, the ballet, the comic opera, and bustling cafés. In his later years, Forain created numerous scenes of the Law Courts and other Parisian institutions plus social satire caricatures on late 19th and early 20th century French life.

Fougasse aka Cyril Kenneth Bird  (1887 – 1965) was a British cartoonist best known for his editorship of Punch magazine and his World War II warning propaganda posters. He was seriously injured at the Battle of Gallipoli during World War I and invalided out of the British Army (his pen name pseudonym is based on the fougasse, a type of mine). He first contributed to Punch in 1916, while convalescing, and also contributed to several other British newspapers and magazines, including the Graphic and Tatler. As one of the best known cartoonists of the time, he created an illustrated verse tale, written on postage stamp-sized pages exclusively for Queen Mary’s dolls’ house.

François, Andre (1915 – 2005), born André Farkas, was a Hungarian-born French cartoonist.  François initially worked for French leftist newspapers (Le Nouvel Observateur) and illustrated books by authors such as Jacques Prévert, but gradually reached a larger audience, publishing in Punch and The New Yorker. He also did a masterpiece cover illustration of the 1965 UK Penguin paperback edition of Lord of the Flies.

Garland, Nicholas Withycombe  (1935 -) is a political cartoonist for the Daily Telegraph. He had previously drawn for The New Statesman, The Spectator and The Independent. He illustrated the Barry McKenzie comic strip by Barry Humphries in Private Eye.

Gavarni, Paul (1804 – 1866) was the nom de plume of Sulpice Guillaume Chevalier, a French caricaturist, born in Paris. He began life as an engineer’s draughtsman, but soon turned his attention to his proper vocation as a cartoonist.

Giles, Ronald Carl (1916 – 1995), often referred to simply as Giles, was a cartoonist most famous for his work for the British newspaper the Daily Express.

Gill, André (1840 – 1885) was a French caricaturist. Born Louis-Alexandre Gosset de Guînes at Paris, he studied at this city’s Academy of Fine Arts. He adopted the pseudonym André Gill in homage to his hero, James Gillray. Gill illustrated for Le Journal Amusant, La Lune and Le Charivari.

Gillray, James  (1756 – 1815), was a British caricaturist and printmaker famous for his etched political and social satires, mainly published between 1792 and 1810.

Glashan, John (1927 – 1999) was a Scottish cartoonist, illustrator and playwright. He was the creator of the “Genius” cartoons.Glashan’s cartoons typically included small pen-and-ink figures drawn over a fabulous backdrop often featuring fantastic Gothic or imaginary architecture, surreal landscapes or gloriously impractical ingenious-looking machines.  Glashan’s cartoons appeared in Lilliput, Harpers & Queen, Private Eye, Punch, and various London newspapers, as well as Holiday and the New Yorker. A series of humorous guidebooks created with Jonathan Routh in the late 1960s allowed extensive expression of Glashan’s graffiti-like style, combining small figures (often bearded men) with scrawled text – but, even here, often with elaborate backdrops. The “Genius” cartoons, which allowed Glashan to use colour and a great expanse of space, ran in the Observer Magazine from 1978 to 1983, whereupon he concentrated on landscape painting. His cartoons reappeared from 1988 in the Spectator.

Gorey, Edward St. John (1925 – 2000) was an American writer and artist noted for his illustrated books.

Grant, Charles Jameson (18?- 18?) was a little known 19th century political caricaturist  who produced works between 1830 – 1836.

Grosz, George (1893 – 1959) was a German artist known especially for his savagely caricatures of Berlin life in the 1920s. He was a prominent member of the Berlin Dada and New Objectivity group during the Weimar Republic before he emigrated to the United States in 1933.

Hardy, Dudley (1867 – 1922), was an English painter and illustrator. His interest in illustration led to the production of French graphic influenced poster imagery, most notably the Yellow Girl advertisement for Today magazine, and Gaiety Girls, a series of posters depicting actresses of the Gaiety Theatre. In the early 1900s he produced a range of comical postcards, and in 1909 a series of caricatures for the souvenir programme of the Doncaster Aviation Meeting.

Hassall, John (1868 – 1948) was an English comic illustrator. In 1895, he began work as an advertising artist for David Allen & Sons and his work included such well-known projects as the poster “Skegness is so bracing”. He produced many volumes of nursery rhymes and fairy stories such as Mother Goose’s Nursery Rhymes.

Heath, Michael John (1935 – ) is a prolific British strip cartoonist and illustrator. His work has appeared in numerous British publications including Punch, Lilliput, the Evening Standard, The Evening News, The Guardian, The Spectator, The Independent, The Sunday Times, The Mail on Sunday, and Private Eye; all his work is signed simply as “HEATH”. He has been cartoon editor of “The Spectator” magazine since 1991, and the cartoons which are published do not always adhere to the magazine’s conservative politics. Heath’s own political cartoons have also appeared in The Independent newspaper.

Heath Robinson, William (1872 – 1944) was an English cartoonist and illustrator, best known for drawings of eccentric machines.

Held,  John  Jr. (1889 – 1958) was an American cartoonist and illustrator. One of the best known magazine illustrators of the 1920s, Held created cheerful art showing his characters dancing, motoring and engaging in fun-filled activities.

Hoffnung, Gerard (1925 – 1959) was a cartoonist and musician, best known for his humorous works poking gentle fun at conductors and orchestral instrumentalists. He was born in Berlin but was brought up and educated in England.

Hogarth, William (1697 – 1764) was an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic, and editorial cartoonist who has been credited with pioneering western sequential art. His work ranged from realistic portraiture to comic strip-like series of pictures called “modern moral subjects”. Knowledge of his work is so pervasive that satirical political illustrations in this style are often referred to as ‘Hogarthian’.

Hokinson, Helen Elna (1893 – 1949) was an American cartoonist and a staff cartoonist for The New Yorker. Over a 20-year span, she contributed 68 covers and more than 1,800 cartoons to The New Yorker.

Honeysett, Martin (1943 – ) is a cartoonist and illustrator. He sold his first cartoon to the Daily Mirror in 1969 and has since contributed to Punch, Private Eye, Evening Standard, The Observer and many other magazines and newspapers. He has illustrated several books including Sue Townsend’s The Queen and I and Dick King-Smith’s H.Prince, but is arguably best known for his illustrations in Ivor Cutler’s poetry books Gruts, Fremsley and Life in a Scotch Sitting Room.

JAK aka Jackson, Raymond (1927 – 1997) was one of Britain’s best-known newspaper cartoonists, working for the London Evening Standard from 1952 onwards.

Keene, Charles Samuel (1823–4 1891) was an English artist and illustrator, who worked in black and white and produced cartoons for Punch.

Lancaster, Osbert (1908 – 1986) was an English cartoonist, author, art critic and stage designer, best known to the public at large for his cartoons published in the Daily Express where he pioneered the ‘pocket cartoon’, a topical single-panel single-column drawing appearing on the front page. Over 40 years he drew some 10,000 cartoons for the Express.

Terence “Larry” Parkes (1927 – 2003) was a popular cartoonist from the United Kingdom. His work, consisting largely of single drawings featuring an absurdist view of normal life, was published in many magazines and newspapers, particularly Punch and Private Eye. The pen name under which he worked was apparently inspired by actor Larry Parks.

Leech, John (1817 – 1864) was an English caricaturist and illustrator. Among his designs are four charming plates to Charles Dickens’s A Christmas Carol (1843), the broadly humorous etchings in the Comic History of England (1847–1848), and the still finer illustrations to the Comic History of Rome (1852).

Levine, David (1926 – 2009) was an American artist and illustrator best known for his caricatures in The New York Review of Books. Jules Feiffer has called him “the greatest caricaturist of the last half of the 20th Century”.

Low, Sir David Alexander Cecil (1891 – 1963) was a New Zealand political cartoonist and caricaturist who lived and worked in the United Kingdom for many years. Low was a self-taught cartoonist. Born in New Zealand, he moved and to London in 1919, where he made his career and earned fame for his Colonel Blimp depictions and his merciless satirising the personalities and policies of German dictator Adolf Hitler, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, and other leaders of his times.

du Maurier, George Louis Palmella Busson (1834 – 1896) was a French-born British cartoonist and author, known for his cartoons in Punch and also for his novel Trilby.

Sir Henry Maximilian “Max” Beerbohm (1872 – 1956) was an English essayist, parodist, and caricaturist. In 1892 the Strand Magazine published thirty-six of his drawings of ‘Club Types’. His collections of caricatures included Caricatures of Twenty-five Gentlemen (1896), The Poets’ Corner (1904), Fifty Caricatures (1913) and Rossetti and His Circle (1922). His caricatures were published widely in the fashionable magazines of the time, and his works were exhibited regularly in London.

May, Phil (1864 – 1903) was an English caricaturist. After working at the Sydney Bulletin he became a regular member of the staff of Punch, and in his later years his services were retained exclusively for Punch and The Graphic. He was a founder member in 1898 of the London Sketch Club.

Monnier, Henry-Bonaventure (1799 -1877) was a French playwright, caricaturist and actor. Between 1827 and 1832, he produced several albums of lithographs, satirising the mores and physiognomies of his contemporaries and of the “grisettes” (or louche young men) in his office.

Morrow, George (1869 – 1955) was a cartoonist and book illustrator from Belfast.

Petty, Mary (1899 – 1976) was an illustrator of books and magazines best remembered for a series of covers done for The New Yorker featuring her invented Peabody family.

Peynet, Raymond  (1908 – 1999) often referred to by his surname alone, is a French cartoonist. He is famous for having created a series of cartoons called ‘The lovers’ in 1942.

Pont aka Laidler, (Gavin) Graham  (1908–1940) was an English cartoonist, noted for his work in Punch magazine in the 1930s. Under the name ‘Pont’ (derived from a nickname – Pontifex Maximus – he acquired during a visit to Rome), Laidler became one of the most original talents in the history of Punch. He is perhaps most famous for his series on the ‘British Character’. This was published as a book in 1938. Another book The British Carry On (1940) portrayed the atmosphere of the phoney war. A famous example shows a placid scene in a country pub, where the radio is tuned to the German propaganda station: ‘Meanwhile in Britain, the entire population, faced by the threat of an invasion, has been flung into a state of complete panic.’ ‘At Home’, and ‘Popular Misconceptions’ were also successful series, but by the end of his brief career he was also developing a striking new approach, moving away from the detailed, large drawings to economical, one or two figure sketches with pithy captions.

Pont aka Laidler, (Gavin) Graham  (1908–1940) was an English cartoonist, noted for his work in Punch magazine in the 1930s. Under the name ‘Pont’ (derived from a nickname – Pontifex Maximus – he acquired during a visit to Rome), Laidler became one of the most original talents in the history of Punch. He is perhaps most famous for his series on the ‘British Character’. This was published as a book in 1938. Another book The British Carry On (1940) portrayed the atmosphere of the phoney war. A famous example shows a placid scene in a country pub, where the radio is tuned to the German propaganda station: ‘Meanwhile in Britain, the entire population, faced by the threat of an invasion, has been flung into a state of complete panic.’ ‘At Home’, and ‘Popular Misconceptions’ were also successful series, but by the end of his brief career he was also developing a striking new approach, moving away from the detailed, large drawings to economical, one or two figure sketches with pithy captions.

Price, George (1901 – 1995) was a United States cartoonist who was born in Fort Lee, New Jersey. Price started doing cartoons for The New Yorker magazine in 1929, contributing to the well into his eighties, displaying a talent for both graphic innovation (many of his cartoons consisted of a single, unending line) and for a wit that somehow combined the small issues of domestic life with a topical sensibility.

Quiz aka Evans, Powys  (1899-1981), was a caricaturist who produced a notable series of portraits in pen and ink for the London Mercury.

Reynolds, Frank (1876 – 1953) was a British artist. In 1906 he began contributing to Punch Magazine and was regularly published within its pages during World War I. He was well known for his many illustrations in several books by Charles Dickens. He succeeded F.H. Townsend as the Art Editor for Punch.

Rowlandson, Thomas (1756 – 1827) was an English artist and caricaturist most famous for his caricatures of Dr. Syntax.

Rowson, Martin George Edmund (1959 – ) is a British cartoonist and novelist. His genre is political satire and his style is scathing and graphic. His work frequently appears in The Guardian and The Independent. He also contributes freelance cartoons to other publications, such as The Daily Mirror and the Morning Star.

Rushton, William (Willie) George (1937 – 1996) was an English cartoonist, satirist, comedian, actor and performer who co-founded the Private Eye satirical magazine.

Sava aka Botzaritch, Sava (1894 – was a Serbian artist and caricaturist.

Scarfe,  Gerald Anthony  (1936 – ) is an English cartoonist and illustrator. He has worked as editorial cartoonist for The Sunday Times and illustrator for The New Yorker. His other work includes graphics for rock group Pink Floyd, particularly on the The Wall album. Scarfe was the production designer on the Disney animated feature, Hercules.

Schulz, Charles Monroe (1922 –  2000), nicknamed Sparky, was an American cartoonist, best known for the comic strip Peanuts.

Searle, Ronald William Fordham  (1920 – 2011) was a British artist and satirical cartoonist. He is perhaps best remembered as the creator of St Trinian’s School and for his collaboration with Geoffrey Willans on the Molesworth series.
St Trinian’s is a fictional girls’ boarding school that later became the subject of a popular series of comedy films. The first cartoon appeared in 1941, but shortly afterwards Searle had to fulfil his military service. After the war, in 1946 he started making new cartoons about the girls, but the content was a lot darker in comparison with the previous years. The school is the antithesis of the Enid Blyton or Angela Brazil-type posh girls’ boarding school; its pupils are wicked and often well armed, and mayhem is rife. The female teachers are also disreputable. Cartoons often showed dead bodies of girls who had been murdered with pitchforks or succumbed to violent team sports, sometimes with vultures circling; girls drank, gambled and smoked.


 Sempé, Jean-Jacques, usually known as Sempé (1932 – ), is a French cartoonist. Some of his cartoons are quite striking, but retain a sentimental and often a somewhat gentle edge to them, even if the topic is a difficult one to approach.

Shepard, Ernest Howard (1879 – 1976) was an English artist and book illustrator. He was a regular contributor to Punch. He was known especially for his human-like animals in illustrations for The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame and Winnie-the-Pooh by A. A. Milne.

Sherriffs, Robert Stewart (1906 – 1960) was a Scottish cartoonist and book illustrator.  Sherriffs was the Bystander’s film and theatre caricaturist but also worked for the Radio Times, Theatre World, Oxford and Cambridge, Nash’s Magazine, Pall Mall, Strand, and John O’London, and drew covers for Men Only.

Sime, Sidney (1867 – 1941) was an English artist in the late Victorian and succeeding periods, mostly remembered for his fantastic and satirical artwork, especially his story illustrations for Irish author Lord Dunsany.

Simmonds, Rosemary Elizabeth ‘Posy’ (1945 – ) is a British newspaper cartoonist and writer and illustrator of children’s books. She is best known for her long association with The Guardian, for which she has drawn the cartoons Gemma Bovery and Tamara Drewe.

Sine aka Sinet, Maurice (1928) is a French cartoonist. He launched his own publication, Siné Massacre, noted for its anti-colonialism, anti-capitalism, anti-clericalism and anarchism.

Smyth, Reginald  (1917 – 1998), best known by his Reg Smythe pseudonym, was a British cartoonist who created the popular, long-running Daily Mirror Andy Capp comic strip.

Stampa, George Lorraine (1875 – 1951) worked in the tradition of Charles Keene and Phil May, sharing their preference for the London streets, and making his name with cartoons and illustrations of urchins and their animal counterparts, mongrel dogs. He contributed to Punch from 1894.

Steadman, Ralph (1936 -) is an English cartoonist best known for his work with American author Hunter S. Thompson.  Steadman was born in Wallasey, Cheshire, and brought up in North Wales. He attended the London College of Printing during the 1960s, doing freelance work for Punch, Private Eye, the Daily Telegraph, The New York Times and Rolling Stone magazines.

Steig, William (1907 – 2003) was a prolific American cartoonist, sculptor and, later in life, an author of popular children’s literature. He was also the writer and illustrator of Shrek!, who inspired the popular movie series of the same name.

Steinberg, Saul (1914 – 1999) was a Jewish Romanian-born American cartoonist and illustrator, best known for his work for The New Yorker, most notably View of the World from 9th Avenue.

Strube, Sidney Conrad (George) (1891 – 1956) was for many years the Daily Express’s editorial cartoonist ridiculing the Nazis during the war.

Sullivan, Edmund Joseph (1869-1933), usually known as E. J. Sullivan, was a British book illustrator and cartoonist who worked in an Art Nouveau style. Sullivan worked at the Daily Graphic from the age of nineteen, moving to the Pall Mall Magazine in 1893. During this period he produced standard news and portrait illustrations, but began to work on illustrations to literature at the Magazine. He also illustrated The Compleat Angler and Tom Brown’s Schooldays. By the end of the decade Sullivan’s designs were in high demand, leading to the publication of his most ambitious work, an illustrated edition of Thomas Carlyle’s Sartor Resartus, published in 1898. This contains 79 illustrations ranging from emblems to full page pictures. Later books include The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, first published in 1913 and in many subsequent editions. Here, among many fanciful and beautiful black-and-white drawings, he used images of skeletons and animated pots. One such skeleton image was appropriated by Stanley Mouse and Alton Kelley for a Grateful Dead poster in 1966, and album cover in 1971.

Taylor, Richard “Dick”  (1902 – 1970)was a famous illustrator for magazines like The New Yorker, Collier’s and The Saturday Evening Post since the 1930s.

Tenniel ,  John (1820 – 1914) was a British illustrator, graphic humourist and political cartoonist whose work was prominent during the second half of England’s 19th century. Tenniel is considered important to the study of that period’s social, literary, and art histories. Tenniel is most noted for two major accomplishments: he was the principal political cartoonist for England’s Punch magazine for over 50 years, and he was the artist who illustrated Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass.

Thelwell, Norman (1923 – 2004) was an English cartoonist well known for his humorous illustrations of ponies and horses. His first published cartoon, in the London Opinion, was an Indian subject. He became a contributor to the satirical magazine Punch, who first published his work in 1952, beginning a 25 year relationship which resulted in over 1,500 cartoons, of which 60 were used as front covers. His first collection of cartoons, Angels on Horseback, was published in 1957. Known to many only as Thelwell, he found his true comic niche with Pony Club girls and their comic ponies, a subject for which he became best-known, and which led to a cartoon strip about such a pair, Penelope and Kipper.

Thomas , Herbert Samuel “Bert” was a political cartoonist contributing to Punch magazine and the creator of well-known British propaganda posters during the First and Second World Wars.

Thurber, James Grover (1894 – 1961) was an American author, cartoonist and celebrated wit. Thurber was best known for his cartoons and short stories, published mainly in The New Yorker magazine then collected in his numerous books. One of the most popular humourists of his time, Thurber celebrated the comic frustrations and eccentricities of ordinary people.

de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa , Henri Marie Raymond (1864 – 1901) was a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman and illustrator whose immersion in the life of Paris in the late 1800s yielded a collection of exciting, elegant and provocative images  of those times.

Tiepolo, Giovanni Battista (1696 – 1770), also known as Gianbattista or Giambattista Tiepolo, was an Italian painter and printmaker from the Republic of Venice. He was prolific, and worked not only in Italy, but also in Germany and Spain.

Trog –  aka Fawkes, Wally (1924 – ) is a British satirical cartoonist working mainly under the pseudonym of Trog.  His most famous work as a cartoonist was ‘Flook’ – the unlikely and increasingly satirical comic-strip adventures of its small and furry eponymous hero,  the most notable adventures occurring during the 1960s.

Vicky aka Victor Weisz  (1913 – 1966) was a German-British political cartoonist, drawing under the name of Vicky. In 1935, he came to England from Berlin, and worked for the News Chronicle, Daily Mirror and Evening Standard. He maintained an independent stance, whatever the political hue of his employers (Liberal, Labour and Conservative respectively), and built a reputation as an incisive commentator on political events. At the Daily Mirror, Weisz published the Nazi Nugget series. By the 1940s, Weisz, using the pseudonym “Vicky”, was one of the leading British left-wing cartoonists. Weisz worked alongside fellow left-wing cartoonist Philip Zec at the Mirror and replaced him as the paper’s chief political cartoonist in 1954.

Ward, Leslie Matthew  (1851 – 1922), was a British portrait artist and caricaturist who drew or painted numerous portraits which were regularly published by Vanity Fair, under the pseudonyms “Spy” and “Drawl”.

Whistler , Reginald John “Rex” (1905 – 1944) was a British artist, designer and illustrator. He is mainly known curious and funny upside down faces commissioned by the Shell Petroleum company and the huge mural entitled “The Expedition in Pursuit of Rare Meats” at the Tate Gallery Restaurant. His art was something completely on his own, nostalgic, country, sometimes rather kitsch.

Williams, Gluyas  (1888 – 1982) was an American cartoonist, notable for his contributions to The New Yorker and other major magazines

Wood, Lawson, sometimes Clarence Lawson Wood, (1878 – 1957), was an English painter, illustrator and designer known for humorous depictions of cavemen and dinosaurs, policemen, and animals, especially a chimpanzee called Gran’pop, whose annuals circulated around the world.

Zanetti, Count Anton[io] Maria (1679–1767) was a Venetian artist and art critic.

Vanity Fair. Subtitled “A weekly show of political, social and literary wares”, it was founded by Thomas Gibson Bowles, who aimed to expose the contemporary vanities of Victorian society. The first issue appeared in London on 7 November 1868. It offered its readership articles on fashion, current events, the theatre, books, social events and the latest scandals, together with serial fiction, word games and other trivia.  Contributors included Lewis Carroll, Willie Wilde, P. G. Wodehouse, Jessie Pope and Bertram Fletcher Robinson. Thomas Allinson bought the magazine in 1911 from Frank Harris, by which time it was failing financially. He failed to revive it and the final issue of Vanity Fair appeared on 5 February 1914, after which it was merged into Hearth and Home. Sir Leslie Matthew Ward (1851 –1922), was a British portrait artist and caricaturist who drew or painted numerous portraits which were regularly published by Vanity Fair, under the pseudonyms “Spy” and “Drawl”.

Vanity Fair – Condé Montrose Nast began his empire by purchasing the men’s fashion magazine Dress in 1913. He renamed the magazine Dress and Vanity Fair and published four issues in 1913. It continued to thrive into the twenties. However, it became a casualty of the Great Depression and declining advertising revenues, although its circulation, at 90,000 copies, was at its peak. Condé Nast announced in December 1935 that Vanity Fair would be folded into Vogue  as of the March 1936 issue. Simon Walker-Heneage made a point of collecting those issues of Vanity Fair which included advertisements by Rex Whistler.

Also examples of: Andy Capp (Flo), Flook, Doonesbury, Bloom County, Lio, L’il Abner, Fritz the cat, Get Fuzzy, Tintin, Garfield, Krazy Kat, Peanuts, Calvin & Hobbes, The Far Side, Perishers, Comiclopedia

Research by John Higgs