27 days until Armistice
Art and propaganda
Today we feature: The Great War: a neutral’s indictment. By Louis Raemaekers. London, Fine Art Society, 1916.
Why fight the War? The invasion and atrocities committed in Belgium by German forces were widely reported and denied. The Netherlands was neutral, so refugees streamed across the border. With them, they carried stories of German atrocities against the Belgian people. Dutchman Raemaekers secretly crossed the border into Belgium to see for himself if the stories were true and returned outraged at what he had witnessed. He began to produce fiercely Anti-German political cartoons that burned with the passion of personal conviction. Raemaekers’ cartoons were picked up for distribution by the British government in a series of propaganda pamphlets. The campaign was so effective, the Germans used their influence in the Netherlands to have Raemaekers tried for “endangering Dutch neutrality”. The charges were eventually dropped, but Kaiser Wilhelm II put a bounty of 12,000 marks on his head. The cartoon collection
The cartoons of Louis Raemaekers constitute the most powerful of the honorable contributions made by neutrals to the cause of civilization in the World War.” -Theodore Roosevelt, 1917.
Raemaekers. The harvest ripe. August 1914
28 days until Armistice
A school during wartime
Surviving WW1 – an exhibition in the Coffee Shop, Radley College. The exhibition is open to visitors to the College from 10am-5pm on weekdays from 25 September until 17 November 2018. (Termtime only – closed from 13-26 October). Please contact the Archivist if you would like to arrange a group visit.
Countdown to Peace blog – preview the exhibition
29 days until Armistice
Today we feature: Reg Marix visits Radley, 1914. After leaving school, Marix joined the navy and was appointed a flying officer in the newly formed Royal Naval Air Service in 1913. In 1914 he flew his Sopwith Type D, 3 Seater over to Radley – the first aircraft ever to land on the pitches – and took the Warden, Edward Selwyn, for his first flight in a plane.
30 days until Armistice
Today we feature: Soliloquies of a subaltern by Eric Cooper. Not all war poets were great war poets, but Eric Cooper’s verses were very popular and echoed many of the themes immortalised in Bairnsfather’s cartoons (on display in another case)
I’d rather clean a bayonet from the scarlet stain upon it,
And feel that I was helping as I should,
Than be widely celebrated as the author of a sonnet
Supposing for an instant that I could.
31 days until Armistice
Today we feature: James Jennings, DCM. James Jennings worked for the College as a member of the Housekeeping/Maintenance staff in the 1920s-1940s. He was born in Cornwall and worked as a tin miner before joining the Lancs and Yorks Regiment at the age of 17. He was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal
For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty east of Cambrai on 13th October, 1918, when acting as Number 1 of a Lewis gun team. While advancing he was hit twice, but kept his gun in action for another half hour until the gun itself was rendered useless.
The DCM is the highest award for gallantry for other ranks and non-commissioned officers, second only to the Victoria Cross. This letter addressed from Radley College sent to the Ministry of Defence in 1933 is the only evidence we have beyond his family’s recollections of him. With thanks to Truro Museum for alerting us to James Jennings, 2018
32 days until Armistice
Brothers in Arms
The Nugee brothers. Three brothers came to B Social before WW1: FJ [John] in 1904, George in 1906 and Andrew in 1909. All three became Senior Prefect. All three survived the War, both John and George won the Military Cross. George trained at Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, became a career soldier serving throughout the 1920-30s and retired with the rank of Brigadier (Hon) in 1947.
Today we feature: Distinguished Service Order. Awarded to George Nugee, January 1919. Signed by King George V
33 days until Armistice
Brothers in Arms
Aidan James rowed for the VIII in 1908. On leaving school, he went to Trinity College, Cambridge. He then joined the French Foreign Legion, serving with them in France in 1914-15. He transferred to the British Army in 1915, serving with the Royal Field Artillery until 1920. He was wounded twice and was awarded both the Military Cross and the Croix de Guerre.
Today we feature: Identity papers for Aidan James, 2me Régiment Etranger
AND French passport, 1916. Although he was serving in the British Army in 1916, James retained his links with France